Frequently Asked Questions
The better you understand your medication, the better you can use it to help patients or treat your own conditions. Here are the answers to common questions regarding testing and test results.
FAQS for Business
FAQS for Patients
When was the testing performed? If the date is not within the last 90-120 days, then the test results are likely from a previous harvest, and they may not be representative of the medication currently available for purchase.
Residual solvents are commonly found within concentrates, so it’s important to ensure the level of solvents remaining is an amount considered safe for consumption. There also may be other potentially dangerous compounds in vape cartridges that are being used as carrier or cutting agents. For example, polyethylene glycol (PEG 400) has been found as a carrying agent in many vape products. When heated, the combustion of chemicals causes carcinogenic byproducts, resulting in exposure to harmful carcinogenic compounds such as formaldehyde.
Edibles come in a variety of forms. In fact, anything you can imagine as food, drink, or candy will most likely be offered as cannabis-infused on a dispensary’s “medible” menu near you. Edible products present unique challenges in production to achieve consistent and accurate dosing. Quite often, we find that an edible’s potency does not align with its label, adding to the potential of patients under- or over-medicating.
Suppository, salves, lotions, transdermal patches, tinctures, etc.
With these types of products, it’s important to compare the concentration of cannabinoids present with the label claims made by the manufacturer. Also check to ensure there are no harmful contaminants.
Terpenes provide the variations in scent found in cannabis and provide an assortment of medicinal benefits. Scent profiles can be very diverse, and you may detect aromas of floral, citrus, musk, or spice. Terpenes are also responsible for much of the flavor in cannabis. Terpenes are present in very low concentrations, but are responsible for a great deal of the total effect elicited. They work in a synergistic/complementary fashion to the cannabinoids that are present in your medicine.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in cannabis and cannabis-infused products that are responsible for many medicinal benefits through interaction with the endocannabinoid system in your body. At C4 Laboratories, we test for many variations of cannabinoids, such as THC-A, THC delta-9, THC delta-8, THC-V, CBD-A, CBD, CBD-V, CBG, CBN, and CBC. Each one of these cannabinoids has different properties that contribute to the effectiveness of medicinal cannabis in relieving different symptoms.
While THC is the most famous cannabinoid because it delivers psychoactive properties, other cannabinoids can provide relief from numerous ailments. The better you know what you’re consuming, the better you can choose the correct strains in order to find relief from:
• muscle spasms
How does it look?
Inspect the flower itself when choosing your medicine. There are some big visual cues that will help you immediately determine if your medicine is contaminated. Always looks for white spots and discoloration, as this can indicate the presence of mold or mildew.
What colors do you see?
With close visual inspection, you can expect to see various shades of green, blue, purple, and even orange or red. Color can run the gamut based on strain genetics and cannabinoid ratios. However, as a general rule, avoid flower that is brown or black as it may be an indication of bud rot.
How do the trichomes look?
The trichomes are the very small crystalline bulbs that are dispersed densely throughout the flower. They’re the part of the cannabis flower that produces cannabinoids and terpenes. The overall appearance of trichome density can be a sign of good cannabinoid concentration.
How does it smell?
The terpenes present provide specific aromatics, tastes, and flavors. Much like aromatherapy, patients may gravitate towards a certain bouquet according to their preference. The intensity of terpene profiles degrade over time, so a stronger scent is generally a good sign that the flower has been properly dried, cured, and stored. Trust your instincts. If you smell a musty scent, it may be an indication of mold.
How does it feel and sound?
Moisture content directly impacts the taste and smell of your flower. The drier the flower, the faster and hotter it will burn. Ideally, the flower’s surface should be slightly sticky on the fingertips from the trichomes. The flower should not fall apart when touched, and it should make a snapping noise when broken.
Always ensure you’re receiving the correct type of cannabis when purchasing your medicine. Even the most appealing bud with a tantalizing aroma may not be ideal for what you need to provide symptomatic relief.